After this session I am even more excited about our staff retreat. Gerard is as fantastic, engaging and as knowledgeable as I remembered!
Presenting the Bible to Primary Students
Different thing for different ages - lower ages require more concrete materials
Image of the trinity - enters into the God - 1.Jesus concrete 2. Holy spirit the Heart 3. God the mind the concept. Body (concrete, experience) to heart to mind
The Liturgy intents to link you to the scriptures, enter into the stories and genially reflect on it and discuss things you had not seen before - Entering into the scriptures through the liturgy. Liturgy is the entry point into the scriptures.
Let them be correct! provide them with opportunities to be correct to enjoy religion
religion can be DIFFERENTIATED!
EVERYTHING LITURGICAL NEEDS TO FOLLOW SOMETHING SCRIPTUAL.
1. Consecration - Links you to the scriptures
2. Epiclesis - Presence of the Holy spirit and the words of Jesus using the hand gesture of the Epiclese - The Holy spriit is coming - hands placed above it looks like a dove - Jesus is made present. Holy spirit and epiclese is making Jesus present.
3. Death of Jesus - Breaking of the Host - Breaking of Jesus body - He can be spread to all
4 Preparation of the Chalice - Water and Wine placed into the chalice - Human beings can take on the nature of GOD can be joined together- Called GRACE. Mixing the water and wine. “Word became flesh and dwelt among us”
5.Offering to the Father - We are offered to the father through him and with him - Epiclesis shows that the spirit is coming down to the chalice as it overshadows Mary
6. Sign of Peace - By this point he is resurrected he sys :peace be with you” - we do that we bring him into the presence
7. Washing the Hands -
Cavalettis - ‘Rich food but not too much of it.. not at first’ Allow students to explore bible themselves!
Creation - The marker for the beginning of history
Redemption - The saving death an
Typology - Ways god exposes himself to us through scriptures e.g connections between first reading and the Gospel.
Shadow - old testament e.g 1. Exodus - Lamb killed blood placed on door post.
Image - new testament e.g 2. Jesus .. lamb of god killed just like an innocent land his blood be the means by which the human race is redeemed.
Reality - revealed at the Parousia -
Typology - A traditional Catholic way of reading the bible. Early events indicate things that are yet to come. “ The plant that is yet to be born is already in the seed”
The bible uses evocative, poetic language, these events are real events but they are told in figurative language. Real stories and events told poetically.
Some things are better told in stories - both expressing a different reality. Wisdom interpretively not scientific. If the the bible was written in science term it would look absurd right now, the poetic nature of the texts keep it svalid (Evocaitive poetic language is timeless) that is the message that needs to be transported to children. Stories that are true but are not true stories.
Three aspects of typology
Institutions e.g The Aaronic priesthood
Persons - People in the bible who stand for somebody else- e.g Abraham and isaac
Events - Things that have taken place in the OT are shadowing what will happen in the NT. - e.g The Passover
The shadow of the law -
The image in the Gospel - sillouhette to photograph
The truth in the heavenly realities - What we see now is nothing in-compared to what it will be
Orientation to the Parousia - Final fulfilment shifts the study to from something academic to something which expresses Christian hope. Unless this is a story that we believe, it creates the anticipation for the future, nothing happen that doesn’t have possible meaning for the future this is the same as the bible
Both attempt to set us free from the constraints of time
Eucharist ; Makes the past present to us. makes scriptural mysteries of the past present t us right now.
Memorial : Takes the scriptural mysteries in the past and we bring them present to us now
Typology: Gives a context - past present and future are seen as one unified divine plan.
Eucharist : Participation in a sacred drama that makes the presence of God.
Creation and Typology
Wisdom language - Not literal - a their are two different stories
Everything God has made is GOOD. nothing is evil. HOWEVER things can be turned to evil, things can be done that cause damage.
Created in the image of GOD - Early church writers human beings are the image of gGod because our spiritual capacities are the same as what God has. Capacity to think, know we know (self awareness), freedom of the will that enables us to love.
Likeness - Not what we received in creation , God created man in his own image, did he give man the likeness no but he did not give it. It is a promise for the future, divine life, grace make us like God. Mystery of bread and wine may we come to share in the divinity of Christ.
Drawn from the Earth (Adamah)
Human beings are creatures made of dust, yet lifted up and on a superior level in the Garden of Eden. - Earth creature receives the breath of life - breath of life is eventually something else - jesus appears to the apostle on easter sunday and he ‘breathed on them and said’ receive the Holy spirit, Pentecost a mighty wind knocks everyone flat.
The Woman (Ishah)
is taken out of a man (ish)
She is distinct from the man, yet they are part of one another
Foreshadowing of the natural estate of marriage. She appears from his side near his heart so they stand together as equals. Meant to complete one another.
The first man of the original creation
First born int he renewed order of creation
Damages relationship with God through sin
Restores the relationship with god.
Resource : History of the kingdom fo God - Sofia Calvelletti
Typology in the classroom:
Abraham: nearly killed son
God: killed jesus
Isaac and Jesus typology:
Mt Mariah - Temple Mount/ Calvery
Carried the wood up the hill - Caries the cross
Bound to the wood - Nailed to the cross
Isaac : Where is the lamb for the sacrifice (Kane and able who sacrifices the lamb)? - Jesus is the lamb that is then sacrificed!
Lamb slain for blood
Egypt through the red sea to the promise land - through water to be cleaned.
Feed by miraculous food.
Lamb is the lamb of God
Baptism - cleaned of sin welcomed into new life
Mystagogy - The connections between the Bible (scripture) and the Liturgy.
Body(Liturgy)Concrete - Heart (Scripture) - Mind (Explain)
Staff meeting - Cycles - abraham cycle.
Wonder is evoked by an attentive gaze at reality,
Incarnation: Geography, Prophecies & Infancy narratives
Analogy: Long love affair of God with humanity. Small gifts along the way waiting for a response until we received the greatest gift of all. Himself.
Incarnation : God becoming a man.
Christmas (Salvation history - events where you see God giving little gifts by gift until he is ready to arrive)
Easter (Ministry of Christ through the paschal mystery)
Pentecost (Start of the Holy spirit, to make present Christ on the Earth) Talking about the sacraments cause that is the way Christ is sustained on the Earth through CST, the way we live our life and treat others.
Real places capture the attention of Students
Best time to reflect on Incarnation of Christ in the context of the Plan of God - Advent and Christmas. Reflect on the plan of God that their was a long time between when it happened and the plan
Salvation history - God gives freely and abundantly and waits for a spark of response. The earth had been prepared with minerals and plants and all kinds of lifes.
Key themes in the pLAN OF gOD
The gift of the covenant - meal where he sits down at dusk with the burnt offering as a flame of fire passes between the two half of the oxen deemed as the sign of God having a covenant meal with abraham.
The gift of law - Exodus event with moses
Gift of the proffers - reveals more about himself through these people e.g isiah the suffering prophets
Gods greatest gift - Himself; his light and love.
St Irenaeus - A Devine pedagogy by which God and man become progressively accustomed to each other. Reveal to student bit by bit that they can understand, and elaborate on that.Progressive building up!
Role of Human beings
Servants and co-labourers who listen to His voice
They wait upon his action and they enjoy the gifts that He gives
The human heart and hand play a very important role in Gods plan.
*Significant of smallness - in Gods plan great things happen from very small beginnings.. things that seem impossible become possible with the grace of God.
Key question: Who are you Lord? Not only will this reveal who God is, but also what it means to be human…When you look at Jesus you discover who you are, he “He who is the image of the invisible God is himself the perfect man.” . Being human is being Jesus.
Where are we now?
We are in redemption and parousia - We are meant to be brining about the plan of God as co-labourers, we are in the image of God how are we going to bring out the likeness of God within us to be like him.
Geography creates the content for understanding the Jesus is a real person, in a real time and a real place. Gods plan is made concrete in HISTORY.
Theological questions : Helps answer the question. Who are you Lord?
Reveals something of how God works - choosing a small nation and town. - Heres the world heres israel here is the city of israel
With the young child, we move from the global to the local.
Old testament prophets are collaborates in Gods plan.e.g Examples of whatit is like to deeply listen to Gods plan. They didn’t know what they were slag but just knew they had to say it.
The language of the prophets helps student answer the questions like who are you lord. listen to what the prayer of that Mass are saying because it sia commentary on the scriptures.
Found in Gospels of Mathew and Luke
Give more background to “Who are you lord”
GREAT LORD/SMALL BABY
Visited by Shepherds/Worshipped by Kings
Welcomed by Stars and Angels/Lying in a Manger
Holy Spirit has an important role
brings life (annunciation)
Brings knowledge and joy (visitation, presentation)
Paschal Mystery - Triduum - Death and Resurrection
Last supper - Holy Thursday - Shows us how he wants us to make him present ever after. ”Do this in memory of me” What happens in the Mass is happening over here as well.
Crucifixion - Good Friday -
Resurrection - Easter Sunday -
Paschal Mystery refers to the death and resurrection of Christ.
In dealing with young children, the two always linked
It is one mystery
Death without resurrection is alarming
How to get them ready for the death - Plant big seeds in the classroom, keep watering it , plant more seeds each season in Lent, just before easter the seeds planted on Ash Wednesday would have sprouted as it has become what it has meant to be , but if you pull out the rest the seed will still be there.. it will be recognisable analogy : resurrection is like that you can say that the seed has died but it has become what it has always been meant to be. That is what happened to Jesus.
The liturgy takes the significant teachings of the Bible and then re-enacts it in a compressed, symbolic form.We call this, celebration.
Passover save themselves as entering into the gift of Passovers through the act of memory/remember Memorial. The freedom, the covenant the relationship with God were still accessible to them when they say ‘remembered’
First cup of wine - a blessing to God
Second up of wine - cup of memorial
The meal - lamb, unleavened bread, bitter herbs
Third cup of wine - the hop of redemption
Fourth cup of wine - the hope for the messiah